The poet had an older brother, William Austin, and a younger sister, Lavinia, as well as a close circle of girlhood friends. Letters written during Dickinson's one year at Mount Holyoke Female Seminary reflect tendencies evident even in her academy years: maintenance of close family ties and intense friendships with chosen intimates, preference for solitude over society, intellectual curiosity, pride in her ability to write wittily, and hesitation to commit herself to Christ in the manner expected by her friends and spiritual counselors, including Mount Holyoke's redoubtable foundress, Mary Lyon.
Those tendencies grew more pronounced when she returned home to Amherst and its lively community of young people. Although aware of local developments such as the coming of the Amherst-Belchertown Railroad and involved to some extent in reading groups and the cultural offerings of a college town, she increasingly narrowed her circle to family and a few friends--notably Susan Gilbert.
When Austin Dickinson married Sue in , Edward Dickinson built a house next door to the Homestead for the young couple, thereby squelching any impulses to move west. With her closest friend only a short walk away, Emily visited frequently for the next several years but apparently avoided most of her sister-in-law's ambitious social entertainments.
Gradually she discontinued even those visits but retained close ties to Sue as well as to some of Sue's and Austin's friends, notably Samuel Bowles of the Springfield Republican , his assistant Josiah Gilbert Holland, and Holland's wife, Elizabeth. Shrinking from public exposure, Dickinson also ceased going to church by the early s and never attempted to join it through profession of faith.
Nonetheless she maintained friendships with successive ministers of the First Church while pursuing her independent spiritual journey. Two events impelled Dickinson beyond her domestic sphere. Her father's election to the U. House of Representatives precipitated family visits. Patent Office and Mount Vernon. On the return trip the sisters visited their Coleman cousins in Philadelphia, where they probably stopped at the Arch Street Presbyterian Church and met its minister, the Reverend Charles Wadsworth.
In and Dickinson required treatment by a Boston specialist, Dr.
Henry W. Williams, for an eye disorder. While under his care Dickinson stayed at Mrs. Upon her return to Amherst, Dickinson confined herself to the Homestead, declaring, "I do not cross my Father's ground to any House or town" Letters [L], p.
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Yet she kept up with current literature through extensive reading, chiefly in English and American Romantic writers, and maintained lively correspondences with many friends. Unfortunately the record of that correspondence lapses from the mids to the early s after Sue's return from teaching in Baltimore and Austin's from law school, even though that was when Dickinson wrote most of her poems. There had been some clever valentines and a few lyrics in the early s as well as references in letters to Jane Humphrey and Abiah Root to some "strange things--bold things" that she had undertaken L35, p.
Around she started copying poems and stitching them into little booklets now known as fascicles. These poems, remarkable for their distilled wit, ambiguous manner, and stylistic idiosyncrasies, were shared with friends but apparently not offered for publication. The ten that were printed in the Springfield Republican , in several New York and Boston journals, and in Helen Hunt Jackson's A Masque of Poets between and appeared anonymously and, it seems, without the poet's consent. Dickinson evidently valued her privacy too much to risk the fate of a nineteenth-century literary celebrity and protected herself by adhering to standards of genteel reserve imposed by society on ladies of her age and station.
John Greenleaf Whittier, National Lyrics link ; ed. Alice Cary, Ballads, Lyrics, and Hymns link.
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Bayard Taylor, The Picture of St. John link. George Arnold, Poems Grave and Gay link. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Humorous Poems link. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Flower-de-Luce link. William Gilmore Simms, ed. Harriet Beecher Stowe, Religious Poems link.
Mary E. Augusta Cooper Bristol, Poems link. Adah Isaacs Menken, Infelicia link ed. William Cullen Bryant, Hymns link.
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Joaquin Miller, Joaquin: Et Al. And here is the same list, arranged alphabetically by author, with multiple titles by the same author listed chronologically, with the British volumes listed separately:. Elizabeth Akers, Poems link. Adah Isaacs Menken, Infelicia ; ed. John Rollin Ridge, Poems link.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Matthew Arnold, New Poems link. Robert Browning, Dramatis Personae link.
George Eliot, The Spanish Gypsy link. Algernon Charles Swinburne, Poems and Ballads link. In choosing between the two, I have relied in many instances on references works. Shop now. Report incorrect product info or prohibited items. John Owen Tucker. Pickup not available. Add to List.racpurudmetood.tk
Domestic Labor in the Dickinson Family Households – Emily Dickinson Museum
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The Golden Spring, a Tale of Tasmania : And Other Poems (1865)
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